Principal, Thakur International School, Cambridge, Mumbai
World Population Day - The need for population education in school curriculum Shunila Joy Chauhan – Principal Thakur International School - Cambridge
From 1 billion in 1800, the population of the word ballooned to 7.61 billion in 2018. In fact, in 1960 the global population was 3 billion. This means that global population exploded by more than 120% in a matter of six decades.
Human population hasn’t risen uniformly across all regions. Some countries are severely reeling under the ever-growing population crisis while some countries are sparsely populated due to geographical and climatic conditions. Today, the world is facing a population crisis as the resources are depleting at the same rate as the increasing demands of the growing population. Unchecked population growth is the root cause of several serious problems such as stress on the environment, infrastructure and resources. A worldwide shortage of natural resources due to climate change and global warming has resulted in exacerbation of population problem. The idea is to have a multi-level approach in dealing with this crisis. We need to educate our young ones and at the same time spread awareness amongst adults. It is necessary to empower developing countries with informative and practical mechanisms to tackle the population crisis. The increasing problems of world-hunger and poverty can be reduced to some extent with positive and inclusive population control Measures.
In 1951, India implemented the National Family Planning Program and went on to become the first country in the developing world to create a state-sponsored family planning program. The primary objectives of this program were to lower fertility rates and slow population growth as a means to propel economic development. The program was based on five guiding principles.
Arguably, the biggest achievements of these principles were shifting birth control methods from ‘rhythm’ to intrauterine devices and sterilization. The government has implemented the program with consistent results that have achieved the objectives to a large extent. It is estimated that close to 17 crore births were averted. However, a lot of work remains to be done. Educating the young ones and youth is a crucial part of tackling the population crisis.
The worldwide rise in population has resulted into increased demand for supplies. This demand has led to the depletion of natural resources thereby endangering the sustainable model of development. The replenishment of natural resources is happening at a much slower rate than usage. The model of sustainable development is ideal if the human population wants to live in harmony and share the resources. Sustainable Development Goals of the UN are getting threatened by increasing population. According to UNESCO, “Population Education is an educational program which provides for a study of population situation of the family, the community, nation and world, with the purpose of instilling in the student; a rational and responsible attitude and behaviour towards that situation.”
A perilous combination of escalating climate impact, rapidly growing population and unchecked industrialization are putting tremendous pressure on India’s food security and ecosystem.
UNESCO explicitly sets out objectives for population education in schools. All the schools are expected to align their respective curriculum with UNESCO’S objective.
Schools not only educate our children but impart lifelong lessons to them. Young minds can be ignited in a positive manner with scientific thinking and rational thought. Here are some valid reasons why population education is needed in schools.
Important to educate children as they are the next generation. Children will inherit our world. We wouldn’t want them to commit the same mistakes which our generation and our predecessors committed. Therefore, it is imperative to educate them by making them aware about the pitfalls of overpopulation.
Smaller population will lead to reduction in consumption of resources. This would mean that fewer individuals would experience shortages. A larger proportion of such a population will be able to secure access to various opportunities and thus improve their standards of living.
The stark difference between urban and rural lifestyle has resulted in reliance on a big family for creating a workforce. In a village, families are large as manpower is needed to work in the fields. Bridging the gap between the urban and rural way of life will have a positive impact on the mission to reduce population growth.
Sex education is an important part of education on population. The method of delivery needs to be sensitive and mature in order to develop a healthy and rational understanding in the minds of Children.
Indian households avoid discussions on topics such as sex, safe sex, needs for a partner, and family planning. When parents will learn that their children have been taught all this in a scientific and rational manner, it may lead to a positive change in the conservative mindset.
Population education coupled with sex education during the crucial school years of a child’s life will definitely help in achieving the objectives defined by UNESCO. The aim is to control and reverse the unprecedented growth of population to secure a healthy and sustainable future. The need for population education in schools is felt more than ever because of the challenge of a population crisis faced by all the nations in the world. UNO through UNESCO has set out ideal objectives for imparting population education in schools. Now the most important task is to develop and maintain a sensitive approach and teach children the importance of restricting population growth through effective measures. Let us hope for a future with reduced poverty and hunger along with a more democratic distribution of development.
Principal, Thakur International School, Cambridge, Mumbai