Principal, H. Keinahal Memorial English School, Assam
Einstein quoted as : “ Try not to become a man of success but try to become a man of value.” Ergo, the elimination of illiteracy through innovative tools will have an instant appeal. It further seeks to reinforce the attack on illiteracy with the aid of radio, TV, film, cassette, computer and satellite programmes. The education plays significant role in the development of human manpower of our country in these days. One of the most vital supporting devices of education are guidance and counselling. Its programme is needed to help students deal effectively with the normal development tasks of adolescence and face life situations boldly. Only teachers and Principals are unable to solve the problems of the students. The NPE 1986 has also emphasized this need in a very clear terms making it imperative for guidance and counselling services to become integral part of educational programmes. In the ancient time, it was the responsibility of teachers to provide the guidance to their students. The contact between teachers and students was intimate during the course of study.
Guidance is a process and it is important to point out that the process of guidance never ceases but remains dynamic. Nothing can be ascertained in advance. Guidance is an organised service where it is not a single activity of the school. It is a process with broader base and a definite objective. Guidance is a broader process while counselling is its integral part. The task of guidance cannot be completed without counselling and objective of the guidance cannot be achieved. Need for guidance and counselling is inherent in the very nature of human life. Every individual is born incomplete and inadequate in himself. No person is self sufficient at any stage of life. Success in every situation or activity of life is determined by certain abilities and skills. Everyone cannot do everything with equal efficiency. The goals and purposes of education imply the need for guidance and counselling. In fact, education and guidance are complimentary to each other.
Defects of parental character and lack of parental affection frustrate their basic need for security and support. The term Education is very broad and comprehensive. According to Gandhi, Education is a process for training of hand, head and heart ( i.e. 3H ) of a child and man. In Indian Constitution, there is a provision of compulsory school education for the children of 6-14 age group, but this objective could not be achieved due to one or the other reason. Counselling implies a confidential relationship between two individuals.
Education should be both qualitative and quantitative. The mother tongue has been accepted as the medium of instruction and regional languages should be honoured as the medium of instruction in the technical and vocational institutions. Healthy mind in healthy body where mental abilities and physical capacities are very close to each other and these are complementary. Teachers must have good and normal physique for an effective teaching. Their voice and expressions should be effective where teaching is social activity and there should be interaction between students and teachers. Teachers enjoy their classrooms teaching and do not lose temper when students put questions to them. It is most important for teachers to identify creative students in their classrooms. The students vary in both quality and quantity of their creativity.
The teachers can provide certain learning situations which will develop originality, flexibility and fluency. These abilities can only be developed by solving various types of problems. The teaching creativity is very challenging task for teachers. The ultimate aim of education is to produce creative artists and creative scientists. Students are more active and play important role in teaching where the main purpose of teaching and learning is to develop creative abilities whatever the students may possess. Teachers cannot foster creativity among students deliberately where the brilliant teachers often have brilliant students. Students suffering from anxiety exhibit feelings of insecurity, lack of self confidence, fear about their ability to achieve their goals and meet difficulties of life and world. A number of causes for emotional problems have been identified. These are favouritism by teachers, heavy load of home work, lack of concentration, threat of self due to bias, insult, contradiction, being teased, sarcastic comments etc. Personal problems are mostly emotional in nature and hence difficult to deal with. But this does not mean that teachers have no role in personal guidance programmes. They have to identify the students who have personal problems and show sympathy to them.
Students should seek love and affection from those individuals who are close to them and matter much to them. Students of today are different from those of earlier times due to the changes in the society and their exposure to a variety of intellectual pursuits.
Advancement of technology has brought us together beyond space and time. Competition has enormously increased in all fields. Old values and beliefs are facing a lot of challenge in the fast changing technological era. Strict discipline in the family, excessive parental supervision, too little independence lead students to disturbed conditions. Both prognosis and diagnosis are cooperative processes in between counsellor and client. All evidence of fatigue, pressure, irritation and anxiety should be avoided. Be a good listener. Avoid the use of sarcasm. Teaching is an art as well as science because it can be studied objectively and scientifically. On the other hands, it is an instruction but the instruction is not the teaching.
Teaching is to cause the child to learn and acquire the desired knowledge, skills and also desirable ways of living in the society. The main aim of teaching is to help the child to respond to his environment in an effective way. Education is a powerful instrument that develops the desired and desirable values in the younger generation. See good, be good and do good. Good teachers make good schools. Good schools make good students.
Good students make good citizens and Good citizens make good nations.
Principal, H. Keinahal Memorial English School, Assam